Cambridge Consulting strives to provide an elite level of service, in the field of asset management. Cambridge Consulting offers asset management advice for many economic sectors, including but not limited to the provision of medical care, ICT and computer issues.
Our asset management specialists perform a wide variety of services, including, but not limited to, contract disagreements, litigation, asset performance indicators, estimating the value of lost assets, and assessing competition levels, within various markets.
Cambridge Consulting also offers its services (such as brokering, property and asset consulting, as well as receiverships) to those involved in real estate activities, including owners, lenders and investors.
The Cambridge Consulting staff are experienced in many different fields, within brokering, such as commercial, industrial, office retail and leisure projects. Cambridge Consulting’s real estate consultancy is centered on leisure and high end residential projects.Other services the company offers, within asset management, include feasibility studies, developing designs, financial management and restructuring, and positioning assets within the market.
The population structure of this planet is rapidly changing, as more individuals and communities move to urban areas, abandoning rural areas. One consequence of this change is the increased economies of scale, occurring as a result of the increased populations of these cities, increasing their productivity levels. This has already resulted in significant drops in poverty, in such nations as China, and will potentially lead to drops in poverty in other developing nations. However, many large cities are showing weaker growth rates, as well as difficulties in the provision of basic services (such as utilities and public transport), and an increase in slums. This is due to the increasing complexity of large urban areas, leading to more inefficient management, on the part of Municipal officials. While (theoretically) there is no limit on the size of a city, or its rate of expansion, this expansion must be accompanied by proper management, from within the public and private sectors.Recently, a milestone was reached, whereby more people, around the world, are living in urban areas, than in rural areas. By 2025, there will be an additional 1.2 billion individuals on this planet (the vast majority of whom will inhabit developing nations). One of the reasons for the rapid growth in urban areas is the connection between rapid urbanization and economic growth (for example, between 1960 to the present, South Korea’s GDP per person increased over ten fold, while the percentage of the population living in urban areas increased from one quarter to 80%, though the question of whether urbanization is a cause, or a consequence, of economic growth is still debated).However, it is clear that urbanization frequently results in increasingly productive employment and industries, as well as decreasing the delivery costs of goods and services (due to the increased proximity between producer, consumer and intermediaries, as well as more advanced transportation infrastructure). One example of this is the fact that clean water can be delivered to urban areas in India at costs one third to a half less, than water delivered to rural areas. Also, as more people exit rural areas, the individuals remaining in rural areas will be obliged to improve productivity, thus increasing the incomes of the average individual in these areas.While, in the realm of theory, there is no limit to how large cities can grow, in reality, there are significant impediments to their growth, including but not limited to the ability of Municipalities to manage this growth in a manner that increases opportunities, while reducing costs. Urban growth, if it is to be sustainable and equitable (that is, spread the benefits of such growth to all segments of society) necessitates sufficient management skills, as well as significant long term planning. As is currently apparent, in many parts of Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America and the MENA region, many urban areas do not have the managerial capacity, human resources or industrial resources needed to ensure proper urban planning. This results in such problems as urban dilapidation, excessive crime, slums and environmental neglect. Such factors lead to lower living standards, as well as diseconomies of scale (possibly outweighing economies of scale).Such problems are most evident in cities with over 10 million individuals (the number of such cities will increase from 23, presently, to 36 by 2025). Large cities such as Shanghai may very well have GDP levels reaching 500 billion USD by 2025.Large cities (with over 10 million individuals) in Latin America (such as Mexico City) are already facing impediments to urban growth. Frequently, when urban areas expand, they assimilate neighboring urban settlements (of smaller size), though these settlements may remain separate legal entities. This creates ambiguous legal boundaries, leading to confusion as to which entity is managing which section of the city. This, coupled with insufficient public funding, creates a situation whereby infrastructure is not attended to (frequently decaying) and slums expand.Although, there are many steps large urban areas can take, to prevent such occurrences, or if they are already prevalent, to reverse them. Municipal governments can repair dilapidated infrastructure, as well as generate high value added employment, by: Ensuring enough public funding for basic costs (such as utilities) and maintaining infrastructure (as well as developing new infrastructure). Such funds could be ascertained from the sale of land, the establishment of property taxes, and other means. Ensuring that local governments are held accountable to the citizenry (many large urban areas, such as London and New York, have mayors for long periods of time, who are also accountable to the public). Ensuring long term planning (anywhere from one year to 40 years). Ensuring that all sectors of society are included, in development (for example, establish an affordable housing program).
If the aforementioned steps are unfeasible, the next possible step a government can take is to direct the flow of urbanization, away from the largest cities in the nation, to more medium sized cities. It is predicted that the growth in large cities (over the next 20 years) will generate one tenth of global GDP, while the medium sized cities (those with less than 10 million individuals, which are expanding rapidly) will generate half of global GDP.
(Source: efinancial news)
Share buybacks are not always popular with investors, who often prefer to see higher dividends, but firms that repurchase shares have outperformed their peers by 25% over the past two years.
Indxis, an index firm, tracked the performance of companies listed on NYSE or Nasdaq that have repurchased more than 5% of its common stock over a 12-month period.
The performance of these firms matched the record of companies in the S&P 500 until the nadir of March 2009, when the S&P 500 hit rock bottom. Since then, firms that have instigated buyback schemes have far outperformed those who have not. The Indxis BuyBack Achievers Index has almost doubled since March 2009, from 2500 basis points to 4,850, almost 1,000 points above the S&P 500.
This poses a difficult question for firms sitting on sizable war chests. According to research by Morgan Stanley in November, cash levels at US investment-grade companies are at the highest point in two decades, relative to the amount of debt on their balance sheets.
These firms have the choice of increasing dividends, reinvesting the cash, buying other firms or repurchasing their own shares.
Some investors prefer to see the excess capital moved off the balance sheet and paid out as extra dividends. Speaking to Financial News in December, Robert Talbut, chief investment officer at Royal London Asset Management, said: “I believe that, as fund managers, we should be demanding that companies return excess capital to us in the form of dividends.”
Share buybacks can issue mixed signals to existing shareholders. Decreasing the pool of available shares helps boost the share price and is regarded as a vote of confidence by the company. It also improves return of equity, but using up too much capital can leave it at risk of missing out on potential deals.
British Tobacco, the world’s second largest tobacco firm, highlighted the dilemma at the end of February. The company announced it would continue a share buyback scheme initially postponed in 2009 in the wake of the financial crisis. But analysts were disappointed at the scale of the proposed £750m share buyback after previously forecasting a figure of £1bn.
While investors may have been desperate for healthy balance sheets in 2009, two years later, good health does not always result in happy investors.